13 of the most stunning twisted towers around the world

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Turning Torso, designed by Santiago Calatrava
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Loozrboy/Flickr

When famed architect Santiago Calatrava designed the building known as the Turning Torso, he ushered in a new era of twisted designs.

The buildings seem to rotate the traditional rectangular tower around an axis, creating a spiraling, ribbon-like aesthetic. Since the Turning Torso was completed in 2005, the modern technique has gained popularity, especially in Asia and the Middle East. China recently completed the tallest twisted skyscraper yet, at a whopping 2,073 feet, and others are being planned in Saudi Arabia and Taiwan. Famed Danish architect Bjarke Ingels has also embraced the spiral, designing pairs of twisted residential buildings in Miami and New York.

Take a look at some of the most stunning twisted towers around the world.


Grove at Grand Bay (Miami, USA)

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Rasmus Hjortshoj

Architect: Bjarke Ingels Group

Height: 320 feet each

Year: 2016


F&F Tower (Panama City, Panama)

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Henry Romero/Reuters

Architect: Pinzon Lozano and Associates

Height: 763 feet

Year built: 2011


Mode Gakuen Spiral Towers (Nagoya, Japan)

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Yu Morita/Flickr

Architect: Nikken Sekkei

Height: 558 feet

Year built: 2008


United Tower (Manama, Bahrain)

#unitedtower #bahrain

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Architect: Aref Sadeq Design Consulatants

Height: 656 feet

Year built: 2016


Turning Torso (Malmo, Sweden)

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Rob Dawson/Reuters

Architect: Santiago Calatrava

Height: 623 feet

Year built: 2005


Cayan Tower (Dubai, United Arab Emirates)

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Guilhem Vellut/Flickr

Architect: SOM

Height: 1,005 feet

Year built: 2013


Al Tijaria Tower (Kuwait City, Kuwait)

Architect: NORR

Height: 716 feet

Year built: 2009


Evolution Tower (Moscow, Russia)

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Ninara/Flickr

Architect: Gorproject, RMJM

Height: 807 feet

Year built: 2015


Avaz Tower (Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

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Brian Eager/Flickr

Architect: Faruk Kapidžić

Height: 466 feet

Year built: 2008


Al Majdoul Tower (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

#AlMajdoul #Tower #Twisted #Riyadh #KSA #eidshopping

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Architect: Consolidated Consultants Group, Zeidler Partnership Architects

Height: 761 feet

Year built: Scheduled to be completed in 2016


Tao Zhu Yin Yuan (Taipei, Taiwan)

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures/Flickr

Architect: Vincent Callebaut Architecture

Height: 306 feet

Year built: Scheduled to be completed in 2016


Shanghai Tower (Shanghai, China)

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tangi bertin/Flickr

Architect: Gensler

Height: 2,073 feet

Year built: 2015


The Eleventh (New York City, USA)

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Bjarke Ingels Group

Architect: Bjarke Ingels Group

Height: 300 and 400 feet

Year: Expected to be complete in 2019