- Thomson Reuters
Brazilian federal police on Friday launched “Operation Flesh Is Weak,” targeting food processors accused of bribing government officials in order to loosen regulations.
With more than 1,100 officers deployed on 194 raids with as many as 38 detention orders, it was the agency’s “largest search-and-raid operation ever,” according to police.
After a tw0-year investigation, more than 100 officials were accused of taking bribes to allow the sale of low-quality meat or falsifying documents.
Already, 33 officials have been dismissed.
Bribes reportedly ranged from hams to political-party donations (including to the president’s party.)
In some instances, investigators said inspectors allowed employees to use government computers to issue their own export licenses.
Among the more than 30 companies targeted are JBS, the world’s largest beef exporter, and BRF, the world’s largest poultry exporter. They are both suspected of using chemicals or mixing in healthy meat to obscure poor quality meat. Both have denied wrongdoing.
Additives like potato, water, or cardboard are believed to have been added in to chicken in some cases to boost profits. Police also said filler like pigs’ heads had been used in sausages, though the agriculture minister said doing that was legal in Brazil.
Some of the meat was sold domestically for school meals or retail sale, though no one has been reported sick from it.
- REUTERS/Ueslei Marcelino
“We go to the supermarket, we buy meat for our family’s consumption, and what do we expect? That it is in good condition,” Silvia Farias, a professor who shops in a Rio supermarket, told AFP. “I would never imagine that the meat could be mixed with cardboard.”
The scope of that operation appears to be more than matched by the fallout from its execution.
Brazil is the world’s second-largest producer of chicken and beef, sending them to 150 countries, and meat in general is among the country’s top exports. Brazil was relying largely on agriculture to pull it out of what has been its worst recession in over 100 years.
The head of Brazil’s ABPA beef producers associate said on Monday that the scandal had put the Brazilian meat industry in a grave situation. It had “destroyed” the industry’s hard-earned image of quality products, he added.
“At face value, the developing scandal over Brazil’s meat exports could plausibly derail the country’s economy recovery,” Capital Economics wrote in a note cited by the Financial Times. The final consequences, however, hinge on how “events will play out.”
Should the scandal deepen and buyers turn away from Brazilian meat, global beef prices could rise. Already, some of Brazil’s largest meat customers have started scrutinizing or pausing their imports.
In the US, which only started accepting raw-beef imports from Brazil last year, the Department of Agriculture has started testing all raw beef and ready-t0-eat products from Brazil for pathogens. Official Brazilian data indicated that the US bought $297.8 million worth of red meat from Brazil in 2016 – a fraction of the about $200 billion of meat Americans typically eat in a year.
South Korea, which got 80% of its chicken from Brazil last year, will tighten inspections of chicken meat and ban sales of meat from one of the Brazilian companies implicated in the scandal. (That ban was lifted on Tuesday.)
Chile has curtailed Brazilian meat imports, and the EU has said it would monitor meat imports from Brazil and that any companies involved the scandal would be denied access to the EU market. The scandal breaks ahead of scheduled trade talks between the EU and the Mercosur trade bloc, of which Brazil is a major member, though the European Commission has said it would have no impact on the discussions.
- REUTERS/Ricardo Moraes
Brazilian officials and the companies involved have all started doing damage control, attempting to downplay the breadth of the scandal and reassure jittery consumers at home and abroad.
In a statement to Business Insider, JBS said it was not accused of selling tainted or rotten meat.
“There are no allegations in the judge’s order that JBS or its executive management violated food safety or product quality standards or engaged in any wrongdoing,” a JBS spokesman said. “The investigation is focused on the actions of Brazilian Federal Meat Inspectors. Accusations regarding product quality issues have been inappropriately linked to JBS.”
President Michel Temer, who called an emergency ministerial meeting on Sunday, told ambassadors later that night that the scandal was a “major concern,” but that tainted meat had come from “only a very few businesses.”
To back up his assurances, Temer invited the ambassadors to dinner at a $39 all-you-can eat steakhouse, where he sat between the Chinese and Angolan ambassadors.
- REUTERS/Ueslei Marcelino
The presidency has also said that only 21 of 4,000 plants in the country were involved, and that just 33 of the industry’s 11,000 workers were being investigated.
The Brazilian agriculture ministry has also sought to sooth nerves, with minister Blairo Maggi saying that the issues uncovered were not widespread.
“Brazil’s industry is robust and strong but it isn’t infallible,” he said. “We’re making sure that what’s being produced is now getting the proper inspection.”
Maggi’s ministry and Brazilian federal police also said late Tuesday that the meatpacking industry’s sanitary and corruption incidents were isolated.
Public-health scientists have also expressed confidence in the country’s meat.
- Thomson Reuters
Brazilian food-production hygiene “is good. I think generally it’s not a concern … so when there’s a police operation like this it becomes a scandal,” Roberta Ribeiro coordinator at Rio de Janeiro’s Municipal Public Health Laboratory, told AFP.
One of her colleagues noted that fish and even vegetables could be compromised by contaminants.
The tainted-meat scandal, however extensive it may be within the meat industry, is limited to that industry.
But it comes amid the ever widening scandal over allegations that have come out of Operation Car Wash, a massive anti-corruption investigation that has become the biggest political graft case in the country’s history.
Sergio Moro, the judge handing the case, said last summer that bribery had become “a rule of the game” in Brazil, where “systemic corruption” has created “enormous” costs for the country.
“Though corruption fatigue may be setting in for some, this isn’t ‘just another corruption scandal’ in Brazil. Most of the recent scandals in Brazil have involved briberies and illegal uncompetitive coordination around public contracting,” regional analyst James Bosworth wrote on Monday.
But, Bosworth said, “this scandal involving some of Brazil’s biggest companies will cause everyone doing business with the country to question whether the products they are importing don’t meet the standards required.”
This story has been updated with comments from JBS and the Brazilian federal police.