18 photos that show how drastically making movies has changed over the last century

If you were to watch 1939’s “The Wizard of Oz”, then, immediately after, watch the new movie “Captain America: Civil War”, you would clearly see some tremendous differences.

Technology within the film industry has advanced greatly over the last century, allowing movies to tell greater, more realistic stories than ever before. The cinema has evolved from black-and-white silent films edited by physically cutting film strips to 3D digital content spliced together on computers. The digital age has allowed for better quality, color, sound, and even computer-generated imagery (CGI).

We’ve found 18 photos that show just how much filmmaking has changed over the past century.


The first successful full-length feature film was “The Birth of a Nation”, directed in 1915 by David Wark Griffith, also known as the “inventor of Hollywood”. The movie cost $100,000, which was a very large amount at the time.

Source: TIME


The budgets for today’s movies usually range from $100 million to $400 million. The most expensive movie ever made was “Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End”. It cost $341 million and came out in 2007.

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“Captain America: Civil War” 2016
source
Walt Disney Pictures/epk.tv

Source: Business Insider, iMDB


Film cameras such as the Super Parvo and the Mitchell Standard used to be the go-to for movie production. These film cameras needed to be reloaded frequently when the film would run out. Film is very delicate, so even the smallest scratch could ruin an entire scene.


Now, digital single-lens reflex cameras (DSLR) have taken over. They allow movies to be filmed in high-definition, which results in an incredible picture display.

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“Captain America: Civil War” 2016.
source
Walt Disney Pictures/epk.tv

In the past, the cameras were large and bulky.


Now, they’re small, lightweight, and more easily carried. There are also easier ways for the director to figure out what aspect ratios, and focal lengths they prefer, and that is with a viewfinder, as pictured below.

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“Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice” 2016.
source
Warner Bros/epk.tv

In the old days, every detail about film sets — fires, buildings, roads — had to be built by hand by the film crew. While many film sets are still required to be built by hand, there’s a new way to create realistic backgrounds.


Today, green screens — and blue screens — are a popular way for filmmaker’s visions to come to life. After filming with a green screen, images are applied to the background during the editing process. While some movies, like “The Jungle Book”, may look like they were filmed outside, they were actually filmed inside a studio in front of a green screen.

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“The Jungle Book” 2016.
source
Disney/EPK.tv

Technology has had a huge role in the way animation has changed over the years as well. It used to be hand-drawn by artists, who relied on non-stop animation to create the realistic effects. The first full-length animated film was “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs”, which came out in 1937. It was also the first full-length animated film in color.

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Scene from “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” 1937
source
DisneyMusics/Youtube

Over the years, technology like 3D animation techniques and CGI have allowed animated movies to be as lifelike as possible. Now, almost everything animated is created digitally through computers, digital pens, tablets, and digital sculpting tools.

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Scene from “The Secret Life of Pets” 2016
source
Universal/epk.tv

With film cameras, conducting multiple takes of a scene was more costly, as large amounts of film had to be used.


Now multiple digital cameras can run on the same shoot, getting various angles of a scene at once. Capturing multiple takes is always possible.

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“The Revenant” 2015.
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Kimberley French/Twentieth Century Fox

Before the digital age, actors would get feedback from their directors with no visual aid to see what they were doing and how they could improve.


Now, thanks to digital-back cameras, actors are able to gather around the camera and watch the scene that was just filmed, noting what they can improve on.

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“Barbershop: The Next Cut” 2016.
source
Warner Bros/epk.tv

Jobs in the film industry have grown as well. The common jobs — director, camera operator, and actors — have always been on set.


Today, there are hundreds of jobs in the film industry, ranging from Director of Photography to camera team assistants who help guide the camera operator while he walks backwards.

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“Neighbors 2: Sorority Rising” 2016.
source
Universal/epk.tv

One of the greatest advances filmmaking has had over time is the ability to film in color. The first well-known movies to come out in color were “The Wizard of Oz” and “Gone With the Wind”, both of which were released in 1939.


While black-and-white movies could provoke a certain emotion, color makes the movie much more realistic.

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“Neighbors 2: Sorority Rising” 2016
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Universal/epl.tv