10 Eagle Scout survival skills everyone should know

Since 1910, the Boy Scouts of America have promoted a mission of moral strength, citizenship, and health.

In 1912, Arthur Eldred became the first Eagle Scout, and the rank has stood as an emblem of accomplishment ever since.

To earn the title of Eagle Scout, Boy Scouts must learn a whole array of practical skills.

We’ve put together 10 survival tricks that Eagle Scouts can perform, complete with step-by-step pictures to show how it’s done.

Keep scrolling to learn everything from tying a bowline knot to inflating your pants to become a flotation device.


Eagle Scouts can start a fire anywhere, even in the rain. The trick to this is to look for a piece of wood that is standing upright (as it will be the least wet) and split it with a sharp knife. Next, put the wood against your cheek to see if its center feels dry.

source
YouTube/Black Owl Outdoors/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Scouting Magazine


If the center is dry, start shaving wafer-thin sections of the wood. You’ll use this as tinder for the fire.

source
YouTube/Black Owl Outdoors/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Scouting Magazine


Meanwhile, cut foot-long pieces of the wood, which you’ll use as a base for your tinder. Set the sticks across the base, spacing them about half an inch apart.

source
YouTube/Black Owl Outdoors/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Scouting Magazine


Assemble the shavings on top. Light a match directly underneath the tinder, using a piece of cotton to accelerate the process. When you see the first flame, continue hand feeding shavings in.

source
YouTube/Black Owl Outdoors/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Scouting Magazine


If they’re stuck without a compass, Eagle Scouts can figure out which direction is north with only a stick. To do this, first place a stick or branch into the ground in a straight position so that it casts a shadow.

source
YouTube/Primitive Lifeways/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Boy Scouts Of America Troop 780


Mark the end of the shadow with a stone or a twig. This will become the west point.

source
YouTube/Primitive Lifeways/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Boy Scouts Of America Troop 780


Wait about 10 to 15 minutes and the shadow tip will have moved. Mark the new position of the shadow tip with another stone or branch.

source
YouTube/Primitive Lifeways/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Boy Scouts Of America Troop 780


Draw a straight line through (or use another piece of wood) to connect the two marks together and form an east-west line. Stand with the first mark (the west point) to your left and the second mark (the east point) to your right, and you’ll be facing north.

source
YouTube/Primitive Lifeways/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Boy Scouts Of America Troop 780


Eagle Scouts are experts at a wide variety of knots. One of them is the bowline, which is used to make a non-slip loop on the end of a rope and is often used for rescue work. To make a bowline, start by first forming a loop on the top of the line.

source
Flickr/scienceatlife

Next, pass the free end of the rope thorough the loop.

source
Flickr/scienceatlife

Bring it back around the standing end again.

source
Flickr/scienceatlife

Continue around the stand end and then bring it back through the small loop.

source
Flickr/scienceatlife

Finally, pull the rope to tighten the knot, and you’ll have a loop that will maintain its size and structure.

source
Flickr/scienceatlife

There’s also an easy way to turn your pants into a flotation device. Tie the bottom of the pant legs into a square knot.

source
YouTube/BlackScoutSurvival/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Next, take the waist of the pants and swing it over your head to capture air.

source
YouTube/BlackScoutSurvival/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Once you bring them down, you’ll see the pants have become inflated thanks to the air flow. Just make sure to keep them wet or you’ll find yourself sinking.

source
YouTube/BlackScoutSurvival/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Eagle Scouts can also make a shelter, just in case they encounter a disastrous situation. One way to make a shelter is by starting with two large pieces of wood and lashing them together.

source
YouTube/Jonathan Boschen/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Next add in a third piece of wood and secure the pieces together.

source
YouTube/Jonathan Boschen/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Continue adding pieces of wood to the open sides.

source
YouTube/Jonathan Boschen/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Cover the entire shelter with brush and evergreen for a secure place to stay.

source
YouTube/Jonathan Boschen/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


By using a reflective surface like a mirror, a CD, or a DVD, Eagle Scouts can alert that they are in danger. Any flat and shiny surface can be used for this.

source
YouTube/Howcast/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Simply make a V shape with your hand and when the sunshine reflects off of the surface, it will create a signal that others can spot.

source
YouTube/Howcast/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Scouting Magazine


Eagle Scouts are also trained in emergency first aid and medical assistance. They can build a makeshift stretcher by using two logs and placing them between a blanket.

source
YouTube/NativeSurvival/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Fold the blanket over one of the logs and under the other, and the stretcher can be used to carry someone.

source
YouTube/NativeSurvival/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »

Source: Scouting Magazine


A Swedish Torch is a good option for cooking in the wilderness. This version of it is made by using three saw- or axe-cut logs.

source
YouTube/Scouting Magazine/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


Next, chop the insides to expose the dry inner parts of the wood.

source
YouTube/Scouting Magazine/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


It will take about 15 to 20 minutes to reach a full flame, but it can last for hours.

source
YouTube/Scouting Magazine/Screenshot

Click here to check out the video »


If a severe injury were to happen while in the wilderness, Eagle Scouts can create a tourniquet to stop the bleeding. This is done by taking a cloth, wrapping it around the person’s body, and tying a knot. Take a stick and tie it to the knot you just made. Continue twisting until it tightens.

source
YouTube/ZombieStrategic/Screenshot

Drinking water is a necessity, and you can use rainwater to replenish your resources. Eagle Scouts collect rainwater by stretching out a shirt and using it to gather drops of rain.

source
YouTube/wildernessoutfitters/Screenshot