Animal photos show how different species are adapting to city life

Animals have been moving to cities recently and are adapting to our way of life.

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Animals have been moving to cities recently and are adapting to our way of life.
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Frank Bienewald/LightRocket via Getty Images

  • These animal photos show what daily life looks like for animals that live in cities.
  • As the climate changes, different species are making their way into cities, according to the Washington Post.
  • Some species are moving into cities because their prior habitats are no longer suitable for living, while others are moving to cities just because it’s easier for them to survive in cities.
  • Either way, these animals are learning how to thrive in urban spaces.
  • Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories.

Animals are adapting to city life by living in smaller spaces, being active at night, and figuring out how to navigate busy roads without getting hit by cars, National Geographic reports. A lot of animals have been displaced, as cities have been built over their habitats.

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Boars in India.
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Anuwar Ali Hazarika/Barcroft Media/Barcroft Media via Getty Images

Source: National Geographic


One example of this is the wild boar. Wild boars have been spotted in both Asian and European cities.

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Boars in China.
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Anthony Wallace/AFP/Getty Images

Source: The Guardian


For the same reasons, coyotes are making homes in cities all over the US. Coyotes are territorial, and they have been moving into cities as territories fill up the surrounding suburban area, according to Business Insider.

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Coyote in the United States.
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Gerard Garay/Getty Images

Source: Business Insider


While they’re known for being great hiders, 400,000 coyotes are killed annually. “There is no other species that has experienced the level of persecution that we’ve posed towards coyotes,” Stan Gehrt, a wildlife ecologist at Ohio State University, told National Geographic.

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Coyote in the United States.
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Mike Albans/NY Daily News Archive via Getty Images

Source: National Geographic


Bears, too, are adjusting to life in cities as their natural habitat shrinks. According to National Geographic, urban bears are much less active than bears living in the wild.

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Bear in the United States.
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David McNew/Getty Images

Source: National Geographic


Langur Monkeys that live in cities have a much easier life than those in the wild. These monkeys have formed an interesting relationship with people in India.

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Langur Monkey in India.
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Elena Odareeva/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Langur monkeys are associated with the Hindu God Lord Hanuman, so people feed them each day.

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Langur Monkey in India.
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Amit Dave/Reuters

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Unfortunately for the Rhesus Macaque monkey, humans do not view them the same way as they view Langur monkeys.

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Rhesus Macaque monkey in India.
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Frank Bienewald/LightRocket via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


As a result, Rhesus Macaque monkeys steal food from people.

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Rhesus Macaque monkey in India.
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Sajjad Hussain/AFP/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Since the turn of the century, wolves have been moving to densely populated areas in Germany, Denmark, Holland, and Luxembourg. They have even been sighted near Paris.

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Wolves in Germany.
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Aneyy Kalmar/AFP/Getty Images

Source: The Guardian


Fishing cats in Asia weren’t seen in cities until 2015, when one was spotted hunting koi fish, according to the Atlantic.

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Fishing cat, location not specified.
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DeAgostini/Getty Images

Source: The Atlantic


Mumbai, India, holds the highest concentration of leopards in the world.

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Leopard in India.
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Shammi Mehra/AFP/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Despite these photographs of rare sightings, leopards are rarely seen in the city because they hunt at nigh. But they can see you.

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Leopard in India.
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Rare Shot/Barcroft Images/Barcroft Media via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Leopards in this area have attacked almost 200 people in the last 25 years, according to “Plant Earth II.” According to National Geographic, with urban expansion, leopards have nowhere else to go.

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Leopard in India.
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Rare Shot/Barcroft Images/Barcroft Media via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”, National Geographic


However, leopards don’t usually prey on humans. Their main source of food is domesticated pigs.

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Pigs in India.
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tirc83/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Raccoons in cities trade treetops for rooftops, and baby raccoons often keep warm by staying in chimneys.

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Raccoon, location not specified.
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Caroldk10/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Some species use the garbage found in cities to their advantage. Bower birds collect brightly-colored objects in Townsville, Australia, for their homes in order to impress females.

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Bower birds in Australia.
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JohnCarnemolla/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Badgers can be as common in cities as they are in the countryside, according to BBC. According to another BBC article, whether or not badgers intentionally moved to cities remains unknown.

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Badger, location not specified.
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Avalon/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Source: BBC, BBC


According to National Geographic, climate change is drying up the Southwest region of the US, and, as a result, deer are moving to urban and suburban areas for green grass and water. Mountain lions are following their prey.

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Mountain lion in the United States.
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UniversalImagesGroup/Getty Images

Source: National Geographic


While some animals are moving to cities, these mountain lions prefer the suburbs. According to the Guardian, these big cats living on the outskirts of Los Angeles are known as “ghost cats” because they are so rarely seen.

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Mountain lion in the United States.
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Jeff Sikich/National Parks Service/Handout via Reuters

Source: The Guardian


Deer graze grasses in cities all over the world. These deer are living in Dublin.

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Deer in Ireland.
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ArturDeba/Getty Images

Source: The Guardian


Silka deer in Nara, Japan, are seen as sacred to the ancient Shinto religion.

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Silka deer in Japan.
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Carl Court/Getty Images

Source: The Guardian


Because of this, visiting tourists protect and feed the deer.

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Silka deer in Japan.
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Carl Court/Getty Images

Source: The Guardian


Kit foxes are also moving to cities as the Southwest dries up. Kit foxes in Bakersfield, California, live off of people food. They accomplish this by making homes on golf courses, in drainage pits, vacant lots, and on school campuses.

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Kit Fox in the United States.
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Auscape/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Source: National Geographic


While foxes are also seen in cities around the globe, sources suggest that they are particularly common in London.

Source: BBC


Some animals live in cities because it can be a more ideal habitat than the wild, like starlings that fly to Rome at night in the winter to escape the cold.

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Starlings in Italy.
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Chris Helgren/Reuters

Source: “Planet Earth II”


These birds fly in enormous flocks, and they are known to paint the sky as the sunsets.

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Starlings in Italy.
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Chris Helgren/Reuters

Source: “Planet Earth II”


A peregrine falcon’s ideal habitat is New York City, according to “Planet Earth II.” Tall buildings provide nesting ledges for these bug bird.

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Peregrine falcon in the United States.
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Leipzig/Sebastian Willnow/picture alliance via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


New York City has the biggest number of nesting peregrines on the planet.

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Peregrine falcon in the United States.
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Jeff Kowalsky/AFP/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


But pigeons are the most successful urban birds around the world, according to “Planet Earth II.”

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Pigeons in Turkey.
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Altan Gocher/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


This is good news for urban wels catfish because they feed on pigeons.

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Wels catfish in Germany.
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Patrick Pleul/picture alliance via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Hyenas live in cities because they have a special relationship with people, and they have for decades.

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Hyenas in Ethiopia.
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Eric Lafforgue/Art in All of Us/Corbis via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Because they believe that spotted hyenas eat the bad spirits that haunt the streets of Harar, Ethiopia, butchers have been feeding unwanted bones to these night creatures for more than 400 years.

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Hyenas in Ethiopia.
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HomoCosmicos/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Some people even feed hyenas with their mouths.

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Hyenas in Ethiopia.
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Eric Lafforgue/Gamma Rapho via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


While some species move to cities on purpose, there are some that end up there by accident; and while some thrive in urban spaces, other species are not so lucky, like this hawksbill turtle.

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Hawksbill turtle in Singapore.
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UNDERWATER WORLD/AFP/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Hawksbill turtle hatchlings are supposed to head for the water as soon as they are out of their shells.

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Hawksbill turtle hatchling in Australia.
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Inger Vandyke /VW PICS/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


But in areas where there are cities located on beaches, 80% of the hatchlings head for the city because they are drawn to the light. These hatchlings have not adapted to urban life the way some other species have, and most of them get hit by cars or stuck in storm drains.

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Barbados at night.
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Four Oaks/shutterstock

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Some cities, like Singapore, are actively making their spaces more wildlife-friendly. These lit up structures are supertrees, 160-feet-tall (50 meters) metal structures teeming with plant and animal life.

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Singapore supertrees.
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Dominik Probst/Oneworld Picture/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


Singapore has also planted two million trees in the last 45 years, and animals like the smooth-coated otters are said to be returning to the city thanks to the city-state’s greening initiatives.

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Otters in Singapore.
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Roslan Rahman/AFP/Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”


In fact, otters are thriving in Singapore because of its waterways and lack of predators.

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Otters in Singapore.
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Xinhua/Then Chih Wey via Getty Images

Source: BBC Earth


City greening is also present in Milan, where they have vertical forests. These high-rise buildings featuring more than 20,000 different plants are home to bumblebees, hermit wild bees, and around 20 different species of birds.

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Vertical forest in Milan.
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Inigo Bujedo Aguirre/View Pictures/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Source: “Planet Earth II”, Lonely Planet