The best countries for women around the world

A woman draws a mural on a office window in Fitzrovia during International Women's Day on March 8, 2018 in London, United Kingdom. International Women's Day is annually held on March 8 to celebrate women's achievements throughout history and across nations.

caption
A woman draws a mural on a office window in Fitzrovia during International Women’s Day on March 8, 2018 in London, United Kingdom. International Women’s Day is annually held on March 8 to celebrate women’s achievements throughout history and across nations.
source
Getty Images

Thursday is International Women’s Day, which celebrates the ongoing movement for women’s rights.

To measure the world’s progress toward gender equality, the World Economic Forum (WEF) created the Global Gender Gap Index a decade ago.

The most recent report, published in November 2017, analyzes four main dimensions: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political representation. Looking at 144 countries, the WEF concludes that an average global gender gap of 32% remains, compared to 31.7% in 2016. Globally, the widest gaps between women and men exist in economic opportunity and political representation. Since 2016, 82 countries have improved their overall gender gap score.

One caveat with the data: When a country ranks very highly in one or two categories, it shoots to the top of the overall ranking. For example, Ireland – which makes the top 10 – ranked #1 in educational attainment, but #96 for health and survival.

In addition, as the BBC notes, the index measures women’s position compared to men in their country, not to women in other places.

The 10 countries with the narrowest gender gaps are below. (The United States does not make the cut.)


10. The Philippines — In 2017, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte signed an executive order that gives women free access to reproductive health information and services.

caption
Women join a protest march for International Women’s Day on March 8, 2018 in Manila, Philippines.
source
Getty Images

However, abortion is still banned in the Philippines.

Source: Fortune


9. New Zealand — Following the 2014 election, 31% of New Zealand’s parliament was female, compared to 9% in 1981.

source
Guaxinim / Shutterstock

Source: New Zealand History


8. Ireland — Irish women have a high life expectancy, and women are more likely than men to achieve a higher-education degree.

caption
A woman walks past a mural marking the 100 year anniversary of the Irish Easter Rising in Dublin, Ireland, March 27, 2016.
source
Reuters

But people are still fighting for abortion rights in Ireland, where the medical procedure is illegal. On Thursday, the Irish government approved an abortion referendum bill, and according to The Guardian, the legislation would grant unrestricted abortion access to citizens during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy if it passes in May.

Source: The European Commission


7. Slovenia — In this country, the maternal mortality rate is 9 deaths per 100,000 live births, which is low considering the global average of 216 deaths.

caption
A tourist looks at participants taking part in a pride parade in Ljubljana June 2, 2012.
source
Reuters

Source: The World Bank


6. Nicaragua — Women make up more than 40% of lawmakers, senior officials, and managers in this country.

caption
Women take part in a march to mark International Women’s Day in Managua, Nicaragua March 8, 2017.
source
Reuters

At the same time, just 18% of Nicaraguan women attend university or other forms of tertiary education, and 17% don’t know how to read and write.

Source: Quartz


5. Sweden — Sweden’s government is 43.6% women, ranking sixth in the world.

caption
Queen Silvia of Sweden talks to inpatient Margarete Weier (79) during the opening of the first German section in a hospital for dementia patients following the model of her organisation Silviahemmet, a non-profit foundation focusing on educating professionals and on delivering day-care within the area of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias on October 17, 2009 in Cologne, Germany.
source
Getty Images

Source: Vox


4. Rwanda — In this country, women make up 63.8% of its parliament.

caption
Diane Shima Rwigara, a leading critic of Rwanda’s president, speaks to the media in Kigali, Rwanda, June 20, 2017.
source
Thomson Reuters

Source: The United Nations


3. Finland — In 2017, the Gender Neutral Marriage Act took effect, allowing same-sex couples to adopt children and helping dismantle traditional gender roles.

caption
A street in Helsinki, Finland.
source
Popova Valeriya/Shutterstock

Source: The Library of Congress


2. Norway — In the 2013 national election, women occupied 39.6% of parliament seats. In local government, women have gained about one-third of the seats.

caption
A woman in Team Norway clothing passes along a street near PyeongChang Olympic Stadium on February 11, 2018 in Pyeongchang-gun, South Korea.
source
Getty Images

Source: The Huffington Post


1. Iceland — For the past six years, Iceland has topped the WEF’s gender gap index. Today, every parent receives three months of paid leave. And in 2018, Iceland became the world’s first country to make it illegal to pay men more than women for the same job.

caption
Fanndis Fridriksdottir #23 of Iceland celebrates scoring her sides first goal during the UEFA Women’s Euro 2017 Group C match between Iceland and Switzerland at Stadion De Vijverberg on July 22, 2017 in Doetinchem, Netherlands.
source
Getty Images

In the past decade, Iceland has also elected two female prime ministers, including the current one: Katrín Jakobsdóttir, who pushed for equal pay.

Source: CNN