Silicon Valley is a revolving door of startups, big tech companies, VCs, and innovation – things are always changing.
But there are those that have weathered these transitions and changes year-in and year-out, becoming the most seasoned and experienced in the tech world.
Business Insider recently released its annualSilicon Valley 100list, highlighting the people in tech who have made a difference this past year, of which many are longtime tech veterans over the age of 50.
They’ve seen the boom and bust of many technological feats and can feel where the industry is going.
Read on to learn about some of the most experienced people in the business over 50.
Additional reporting by Julia Naftulin, Tanza Loudenback, and Alexa Pipia.
Edited by Alex Morrell and Matt Rosoff.
David Boies, 75
- Jay Janner-Pool/Getty Images
Lawyer and board member, Theranos
Boies has provided legal counsel for a slew of troubled tech startups, ranging from Napster to Hampton Creek and now Theranos. The legal expert is defending the company from inquests by several government agencies and is considered a force to be reckoned with – he helped the US win the 1998 case United States v. Microsoft Corporation, in which the government accused Microsoft of becoming a monopoly.
David Drummond, 53
- Andreas Rentz/Getty Images
Senior VP of corporate development, Alphabet
With Google’s restructuring into Alphabet, Drummond was pulled up to the top to oversee mergers and acquisitions for all of Alphabet’s ventures. He previously acted as Google’s first outside lawyer, working with Larry Page and Sergey Brin to secure Google’s earliest financing rounds. Drummond also still sits on the board of Uber.
Tom Reilly, 54
Cloudera, a software company launched in 2008 that aims to help businesses –more than 20,000, in fact – make sense of huge data sets, has raisedmore than $1 billion in private funding. Investors include Intel, Google Ventures, and MSD Capital.
The company has been considering an initial public offering for more than a year to maintain its dominance in the market, but Reilly said in April that Cloudera would enter the public market only “when we’ve reached the right scale, when the business is more predictable, when there’s greater visibility.” They may have good reason to wait a while longer: Fidelity, another investor in the company, marked down the value of its Cloudera stake, along with stakes in several other startups, by 37% in March.
Marwan Fawaz, 53
Fawaz joined Nest, which is part of Google’s parent company, Alphabet, after CEO Tony Fadell stepped down in June. As the new face of Nest, Fawaz is tasked with turning the company around after its tumultuous year, which included product issues and complaints about Fadell’s management. Previously, Fawaz repositioned the Motorola Home business as its president, streamlining products and services and leading the transaction process to sell the business unit to Arris for $2.35 billion in 2013.
Mark Hurd, 59
Past chairman, CEO, and president of Hewlett-Packard, Mark became co-CEO of Oracle in 2014 along with Safra Catz. Hurd leads the corporate direction and strategy for Oracle’s global field operations, including sales, consulting, and marketing.
This year, the company has shown major interest in startup acquisition, with Oraclepurchasing Opower, a cloud-based energy-management company used by more than half of the world’s largest utility companies, for $532 million in its fifth and most recent acquisition of 2016.
Larry Ellison, 71
Cofounder and CTO, Oracle
In the first year since Ellison, the Oracle founder and chairman, stepped down as CEO – he moved to the role of chief technology officer and was succeeded by co-CEOs Hurd and Catz – the company has set off on a startup-buying spree. In its fifth and most recent acquisition of 2016, Oracle purchased Opower, a cloud-based energy-management company used by more than half of the world’s largest utility companies, for $532 million.
Though Oracle’s cloud business is still just a fraction of the company’s overall revenue, Ellison thinks it could lead Oracle to become the first cloud-computing business to reach $10 billion in revenue.
Safra Catz, 54
Sarfra Catz joined Mark Hurd in becoming co-CEOs of Oracle in 2014, succeeding cofounder Larry Ellison. Catz was the top-paid female executive in 2015, earning nearly $57 million.
Earlier this year, Oraclepurchased Opower, a cloud-based energy-management company used by more than half of the world’s largest utility companies, for $532 million.Previously, it bought another cloud-services company, Textura, for $663 million, expanding its offerings in the construction industry.
Phil Fernandez, 55
Marketo had been public for three years, but that never stopped the speculation that it was a ripe target for M&A. The rumors were finally put to an end in May after the private-equity firm Vista Equity Partners bought Marketo’s remaining shares of common stock for $1.79 billion. Fernandez said the all-cash deal would “allow Marketo to continue to focus on customer success and to remain the independent category leader.” Before Marketo, Fernandez was an executive at Epiphany and Red Brick Systems and helped launch a few successful initial public offerings.
Scott Dietzen, 54
- Steve Jennings/Getty Images
CEO, Pure Storage
Dietzen, who previously held the positions of president and CTO at the VMWare-acquired email startup Zimbra, oversaw the company’s initial public offering in October; it was one of the few companies to go public in the past year. The company debuted at $17 a share but has since lost more than a third of its value as investors have soured on tech.
Angela Ahrendts, 56
- YouTube / Screenshot
Senior VP of retail and online stores, Apple
Since leaving her post as CEO of Burberry in 2014 to take over Apple’s retail and online operations, Ahrendts has reenvisioned what an Apple store could look like, positioning it as acontender in the luxury market. Under Ahrendts, the brand streamlined its inventory and added upscale, non-Apple products to its offerings, such as a futuristic speaker that retails for nearly $2,000.
Ahrendts aims to bridge the divide between Apple’s online and offline presence, adding features like a 24-hour meeting space, free Wi-Fi, and ornate decorations to stores, as debuted in San Francisco. Ahrendts hopes to make Apple stores a vital part of the communities they are located in, much in the way Apple products permeate modern life.
Dick Costolo, 52
- Getty / Steve Jennings
Cofounder and CEO, Chorus; partner, Index Ventures
Despite apublic exit from Twitterlast year, Costolo hasn’t left Silicon Valley. In January he announced plans tolaunch a fitness software startupwith the goal of making fitness fun and social as well as shaking up how users motivate themselves to work out.
Costolo isn’t afraid to poke fun at Silicon Valley’s culture, either. He works as a consultant on the HBO show of the same name, expertly spoofing startup culture and the tech world. There might even be a fictitious version of Costolo on the show.
Mårten Mickos, 53
Mickos was named CEO of HackerOne last year after holding CEO positions at the database company MySQL and the HP-acquired Eucalyptus Systems. Along the way, Mickos has become a sort of fatherly pied-piper figure to a generation of socially awkward teen hackers, many of them living in developing countries. He is guiding them to the light of hacking for good, and earning some money, instead of causing mischief.
The hot cybersecurity startup HackerOne’s investors include Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff and Dropbox CEO Drew Houston, and Adobe and Yahoo are among its customers. Companies like Uber use the startup to hunt bugs on their software. HackerOne has raised $34 million in venture-capital financing from firms like Benchmark Capital and New Enterprise Associates.
Venkata “Murthy” Renduchintala, 51
President of client and Internet of Things (IoT) businesses and systems architecture group, Intel
After Intel hired Renduchintala from Qualcomm, he became a major influence in repositioning Intel for the modern age. In November the company spent over $10 million in bonus payments alone to bring Renduchintala as president of the newly created group that oversees Intel’s largest revenue-generating businesses, including its PC and IoT chips. In April, CEO Brian Krzanich announced 12,000 layoffs and a $1.2 billion charge, and Renduchintala will be helping to decide what to cut. Renduchintala has been critical of Intel’s lack of product and customer focus, and he is the one leading the charge to make sure the company finds its way forward.
Patrick Brown, 61
- Impossible Foods
Cofounder and CEO, Impossible Foods
Founded by Brown, a former Stanford biochemistry professor, Impossible Foods has engineered a plant-based burger that could be the answer to reducing animal-product consumption, especially for self-identifying meat lovers. Bill Gates and UBS are among the investors who think it is the answer. Impossible Foods has raised $183 million for its food concepts.
The burger – which contains wheat protein, potato protein, and coconut oil, among other ingredients – looks like a beef patty and cooks the way it would. Alphabet Chairman Eric Schmidt praised meatless meat products as a possible world-changing technology, but Alphabet and Impossible Foods never secured a deal that was in the works last summer. Instead, the company is launching its meatless burger in New York.
Brian McClendon, 52
- Brian McClendon/Twitter
VP of advanced technologies, Uber
When Google announced its plans to create self-driving cars and a service to go with them, Uber turned to the former Google exec to head efforts against its automatic-car rival. Google Ventures (now known as GV) invested roughly $250 million in Uber in 2013, but the two companies’ expanding ambitions mean they are increasingly eyeing each other’s turf. McClendon isn’t the only one who left Google for Uber: A LinkedIn search reveals that more than 300 Xooglers, or former Google employees, now work at Uber.
Eddy Cue, 51
Senior VP of internet software and services, Apple
Watch out, Spotify: Apple’s coming for you. After launching last June, with Apple executives Iovine and Cue leading the charge, Apple Music garnered6.5 million paid subscribersin the first month after the free-trial period ended, achieving 15 million paid subscribers a year later.
Apple launched the service as a direct challenge to Spotify’s prominence in streaming, and so far it is putting forth a good fight. The rapid growth bodes well for the tech company, though the service still has a ways to go to catch up with Spotify’s 30 million paid subscribers.
Jimmy Iovine, 63
- Charley Gallay/Getty
Cofounder, Beats Electronics
In 2006, Jimmy Iovine teamed up with Dr. Dre to found Beats Electronics, which was acquired by Apple in 2014 for $3 billion. After lauching last year, Apple Music garnered6.5 million paid subscribersin the first month after the free-trial period ended, with Iovine and Apple exec Eddy Cue at the helm. A year later, that number had grown to15 million paid subscribers. Though the service still has a ways to go to compete with Spotify’s 30 million paid subscribers, the quickly growing service shows promise for the tech company.
Greg Clark, 51
- Courtesy of Blue Coat
Blue Coat, a security systems company, was on track to become the largest initial public offering in tech this year after the IPO market all but dried up. The company stopped short of going public, however, when Symantec offered to purchase it for about $4.65 billion in cash. Clark, the CEO at Blue Coat, then became Symantec’s CEO.
Diane Bryant, 54
Senior VP and general manager, Data Center Group, Intel
In the midst of a declining PC market, Bryant keeps Intel alive as head of the company’s most profitable and fastest-growing unit, its Data Center Group. The unit creates chips that power internet services like autonomous cars, smart grids, and drones, and last year it generated $16 billion in revenue, or about 30% of Intel’s total sales. The company’s new focus on the Internet of Things puts Bryant at the forefront of Intel’s potential for innovation.
Keith Block, 55
Chief operating officer, Salesforce
Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff loves what former Oracle sales star Block is doing for the company’s enterprise sales, so much so that he bought the COO a $41,000 watch. Block signed a record number of deals last quarter – 600 for at least $1 million each – and he secured a nine-figure contract with an unnamed company he described as “one of the world’s most respected companies.” In May, Salesforce announced that the US Department of Health and Human Services signed a $100 million “blanket” contract with Salesforce that also included a whopping $503 million budget just for related consulting services.
Rob Mee, 53
Pivotal recently caught the attention of Ford, which led to a $253 million investment round for the software-building and consulting startup that counts BMW, Twitter, and Best Buy as customers. Microsoft also participated in the round, which was Mee’s first as the newly appointed CEO. Together, Pivotal and Microsoft create an industry stronghold: They share 100 customers in the Fortune 500. Partnerships with Microsoft, Amazon, and Google’s cloud computing services make Pivotal an easy-to-use service, even for legacy companies like Home Depot.
Regina Dugan, 53
Head of Building 8, Facebook
This year, Dugan left her position as head of Google’s Advanced Technology and Projects Group for Facebook, where she was hired to spearhead the company’s new Building 8 initiative. The social network tasked Dugan and her team with creating hardware that will expand its product development efforts. It will be interesting to see where Dugan, who advocates rapid prototyping, takes Building 8.
Reed Hastings, 55
- Ethan Miller/Getty Images
Cofounder and CEO, Netflix
Netflix and its fearless leader Hastings have continued to dominate, impress, and delight this year. The ubiquitous entertainment-streaming service was one of the biggest risers in the tech industry in 2015 as evidenced by its95-spot jumpon this year’s Fortune 500 list. With a plan for aggressive global expansion in motion and more than 600 hours of original contentbeing added to its library throughout this year, Netflix expects to burn through another $1 billion in cash in 2016 to carry its growth efforts.
Netflix reached 81 million subscribers in April, but analysts estimate that the company will lose about 480,000 subscribers this year because of gradual price hikes, which are still estimated to pull in about $520 million in extra revenue.
Diane Greene, 61
Since Google’s parent company, Alphabet, bought Bebop for $380 million last year, Greene has been making waves at the Silicon Valley giant. Eight months ago, she was appointed head of the company’s cloud efforts. She upended Google for Work, hiring sales and support personnel, creating a Global Alliance program, and building industry-specific units for clients. By collaborating with Google’s customers, Greene and her team leverage data and tools from Google and other companies, transforming the way the cloud is used.
Meg Whitman, 59
President and CEO of Hewlett Packard Enterprise; chairwoman of HP Inc.
After years of sliding profits, troublesome acquisitions, and thousands of layoffs, Whitman decided to take drastic measures help boost Hewlett Packard back to its former glory. So shesplit the IT giantinto two leaner, more focused ventures. Hewlett Packard Enterprise took charge of selling hardware, such as servers, while HP Inc. remained in control of printers and PCs.
Then in May, Whitman divided the company even further, spinning off HPE’s business enterprise services and merging with Computer Sciences in hopes of – once again – becoming a serious competitor in the information technology space. In addition to overseeing the entire undertaking, Whitman serves as HPE’s CEO and is on the board of all three new companies.
Dan Schulman, 58
- Business Insider
President and CEO, PayPal
After a 13-year marriage, PayPal and eBay parted ways in 2015 to form two separate companies. Schulman has been CEO of the former ever since. Under Schulman, the PayPal-ownedVenmohas become the year’s most dominant peer-to-peer payment app, with 173 million active users in 2015. In April he announced that the company had its best quarterly earnings ever, despite an ongoing Federal Trade Commission investigation of the operation on suspicion of possible “deceptive or unfair practices.”
Marc Benioff, 51
- Kimberly White/Getty Images
Cofounder and CEO, Salesforce
It might not be a shiny, consumer-facing product, but the cloud computing software company Salesforce is crushing it and remains one of the hottest tech companies in the world. Helmed by Benioff, the$50 billion businessboasts a22% compound annual growth rateand is expected to rake inmore than $8 billion in revenuethis year.
Benioff has become a model CEO not just for financial success but also for social involvement, standing up for gender equality, workplace diversity, and LGBT rights. He has openly criticized legislation that could be used to discriminate against LGBT workers and publicly pledged to guarantee equal pay for men and women.
Tim Cook, 55
- Stephen Lam/Getty Images
In the past 12 months, Cook guided the tech giant through the launch of Apple Music, which garnered 6.5 million paid subscribersin the first month after the service’s free-trial period;released the Apple TV 4, which can run third-party apps and access Siri; and introduced the iPad Pro, the company’s largest tablet, boldly declaring the end of PCswith it.
Under Cook, Apple also recently invested $1 billion into Didi Chuxing, the Chinese ride-hailing service that is blowing Uber out of the water in China. The deal was Apple’s first major investment since it bought Beats Electronics in 2014.