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Reconstructions of the bizarre, membranous-winged Ambopteryx longibrachium.

This ‘bizarre-looking, buck-toothed’ dinosaur that could fit in your palm flew around the Jurassic skies like a bat

Scientists discovered a 163-million-year old dinosaur in China that had leathery wings like a modern-day bat.
Right upper teeth of the Homo luzonensis individual CCH6. From left to right: two premolars and 3 molars.

Scientists may have discovered a new human species. It lived on a tiny island in the Philippines at the same time as Homo sapiens.

Anthropologists may have discovered a new human relative named Homo luzonensis on the island of Luzon in the Philippines.

Nibbled-on bones found in a cave revealed that our Neanderthal ancestors ate each other. Scientists may have figured out why.

A rapid global warming 120,000 years ago left our Neanderthal ancestors facing starvation. So they turned to cannibalism.
An artistic reconstruction of two individuals of Peregocetus, one standing on the rocky shore of modern-day Peru and the other preying on fish. The existence of a tail fluke remains hypothetical.

Paleontologists have discovered an ancient whale that had four legs and could walk on land

Paleontologists discovered an ancient whale off the coast of Peru that had four legs and could walk on land.
A fossil specimen of Daihua sanqiong, which some scientists think is an ancestor of the comb jelly.

This ancient sea creature had 18 tentacles that funneled food into its gaping mouth — and it may be the ancestor of an even creepier ocean anima...

Scientists have discovered a 518-million-year-old fossilized sea creature that had 18 tentacles. It could be the ancestor of comb jellies.

Paleontologists have discovered the world’s biggest and longest-lived T. rex. It weighed almost 20,000 pounds.

The world's heaviest T. rex to date, nicknamed Scotty, weighed almost 20,000 pounds.
Much of our preconceptions about the way T. rex lived have changed since Jurassic Park came out.

The real T. rex looked nothing like the monster in ‘Jurassic Park.’ These 13 discoveries have upended our picture of the ‘king of th...

Scientists have learned a lot about T. rex since "Jurassic Park." Here are 13 facts you probably didn't know about the "king of the dinosaurs."
The vertebrae and humerus of the "Antarctic King," uncovered in the rocks of the Transantarctic Mountains.

A tiny dinosaur relative named the ‘Antarctic King’ has been discovered at the South Pole

Paleontologists discovered a tiny dinosaur relative at the South Pole, which they've named "Antarctic King." The fossil is some 250 million years old.

A handful of recent discoveries has transformed our entire understanding of human history

Our understanding of human history has been thoroughly upended by a number of discoveries over the past few years. There's less certainty now about how long ago we evolved, when humans spread around the world, and how we co-existed with other hominid species.
A life scene in the Dolomites region, Northern Italy, about 240 million years ago, with Megachirella wachtleri walking through the vegetation.

A 240-million-year-old fossil is now the oldest known ancestor of snakes and lizards — and experts are calling it a ‘Rosetta Stone’ ...

Scientists discovered a 240-million-year-old fossil that is thought to be the earliest known ancestor of snakes and lizards. It's much older than any other lizard fossil ever found.