This black ribbon is becoming the symbol of mourning for the Barcelona attack

In the wake of the deadly terror attack in Barcelona, Spanish political leaders, celebrities, royals, and ordinary people have started to post images of a looped black ribbon to mourn the victims.

Many are also using the hashtag #TotSomBarcelona – we are all Barcelona.

They include Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy:

Ribbons have been used as a sign of mourning and defiance in Spain since at least the 1990s, and are a familiar sight from the aftermath of attacks by Basque separatist group ETA.

Barcelona FC star Leo Messi also posted a ribbon:

“We won’t give in, those of us who wish to live in a peaceful, hate-free world in which respect and tolerance form the basis of our coexistence are in the overwhelming majority,” Messi wrote in his caption.

Here’s Spain’s national police service:

And the European Commission’s Spanish-language account:

Barcelona football club:

Deeply saddened by the attack on our city. All our thoughts are with the victims, their families and with the people of Barcelona. Con el corazón encogido por el ataque a nuestra ciudad. Toda la fuerza y estima para las víctimas, sus familiares y ciudadanos de Barcelona. Amb el cor encongit per l'atac a la nostra ciutat. Tota la força i estima per a les víctimes i familiars, i pels ciutadans de Barcelona. C'est avec le coeur noué après l'attaque de notre ville que nous transmettons toutes nos pensées aux victimes et à leurs proches à Barcelone. Kami berduka atas serangan yg menimpa kota kami. Doa kami tertuju untuk para korban, keluarganya, dan semua orang di Barcelona. FC?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Kentimize yap?lan sald?r? sebebiyle çok üzgünüz. Kalbimiz kurbanlarla, onlar?n aileleriyle ve Barselona halk?yla birlikte. ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? #TotsSomBarcelona

A post shared by FC Barcelona (@fcbarcelona) on

La Liga rivals Malaga:

And an ordinary Spaniard:

A shopkeeper hung placards with black ribbons on a kiosk on Las Ramblas, near the site of the attack, on Friday:

Barcelona Las Ramblas kiosk black ribbon

source
Sergio Perez/Reuters

People held up graphics with black ribbons at a tribute in Plaça Cataluña the day after the attack:

Black ribbon Placa de Cataluna Barcelona

source
Sergio Perez

A white ribbon against a black background was also featured on the front page of daily newspaper La Razón on Friday:

La Razon Barcelona cover

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The front page of La Razón newspaper on Friday.
source
La Razon

Following four bomb attacks on commuter trains in Madrid in 2004, which killed 191 people, people attached or painted black ribbons onto the Spanish flag, pinned black ribbons to their clothes, and hung black ribbons outside their businesses, NBC News reported at the time. People in France and Germany also wore black ribbons in solidarity.

Real Madrid black ribbon mourning after Madrid 2004

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Real Madrid supporters carry a Spanish flag with a black ribbon during a minute of silence at the team’s Santiago Bernabéu stadium following the Madrid bombings in 2004.
source
Reuters

The black ribbon has been used to signify solidarity in the face of terrorism in other countries since.

Google added a black ribbon to its search pages after an attack on Charlie Hebdo’s offices in Paris claimed 12 lives in 2015. After a suicide bomber killed 22 people at an Ariana Grande concert at Manchester Arena this May, social media users fashioned a black ribbon with Grande’s signature bunny ears in solidarity.