These are all the tanks in Russia’s arsenal

source
Russian Defense Ministry

Russia’s military has a new tank that it claims can outgun the US’ Abrams, but that’s just one of many it has in its arsenal.

Moscow unveiled its T-14 Armata battle tank in 2015, and it has since a caught a lot of attention from the west.

It reportedly has a 125mm smoothbore cannon, and could possibly one day get a 152mm gun that fires low-yield nuclear shells, according to Task and Purpose.

Still, the Armata won’t be ready until at least 2019, which means that other designs, like the T-72B3 and T-80U, still make up the majority of Russia’s roughly 2,700 tank fleet.

Here’s what Russia has right now.


One of many T-34 models, the T-34-85 was introduced in the 1940s with an 85mm cannon. These days, however, the T-34-85 can only be found in museums, Stratfor analyst Sim Tack told Business Insider. A few, however, have reportedly been used by Russian-backed separatists in Ukraine.

source
Russian Defense Ministry

First developed in the mid-1950s, the T-55 has a 100mm cannon and a top speed of approximately 30-34 mph. As with most tanks, it was upgraded numerous times over the years. While the T-55 is no longer an active tank, Russia currently has about 2,800 in reserve, according to Tack.

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Shutterstock

Introduced in 1961, the T-62 sports a 115mm cannon and has a top speed of about 31 mph. While it’s no longer in service, Russia currently has about 2,500 in reserve, Tack said.

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Shutterstock

The T-64 was introduced in the early 1960s, and has a 125mm cannon and a top speed of about 27-34mph, depending on the model. It’s also no longer in service, like the T-55 and T-62, but Russia has about 2,000 in reserve, Tack said.

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Shutterstock

Production of the T-90A began in 1992, and it comes with a 2A46M 125 mm smoothbore cannon. Russia currently has 350 active T-90As and 200 in reserve.

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Vitaly V. Kuzmin via Wikimedia Commons

The T-80U came into service in 1985, and it’s an advanced version of the T-80, which was introduced in 1976. The T-80U has a 9M119 Refleks anti-tank guided missile system, which can be fired from its 125mm cannon. Russia currently has 450 in active service and 3000 in reserve, Tack said.

source
Russian Defense Ministry

Upgraded around 2013, the T-72B3 is the most advanced version of the T-72s. It also has a 9M119 Refleks anti-tank guided missile system fired from the 125mm cannon. In total, Russia has about 1,900 T-72s in service and 7,000 in reserve, Tack said.

source
Russian Defense Ministry

The T-14 Armata comes with a high velocity 125mm cannon that also fires laser-guided missiles up to 7.4 miles away, Task and Purpose said. The US’ M1A2 SEP V3 Abrams’ main gun only has a range of about 2.4 miles.

The T-14 also has a remote-controlled turret system that allows crew members to sit in more protected areas of the tank, Tack said. It’s even one step away from becoming a completely unmanned tank, able to be operated by crews at a distance. It’s more advanced, in that way, than any western tank. Russia hopes to make the Armata part of a larger line of military vehicles that have interchangeable hulls and parts that make maintenance and logistics much simpler. However, Tack said that, because of its high cost, Russia might never even mass produce it.

Sergey Denisentsev and Cyrus Newlin from the Center for Strategic and International Studies helped identify some of tanks from the Russian Defense Ministry website.