This is the advanced missile-defense system Russia is selling to US allies

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Screenshot/YouTube via AD KN

India agreed to purchase five advanced S-400 Triumf missile-defense systems from Russia last month – the third US ally to do so since September.

Saudi Arabia also agreed to purchase the S-400 in early October, and Turkey finalized and made a deposit on a $2.5 billion deal for the S-400 in September, deepening tensions between Washington and Ankara.

Czech Gen. Petr Pavel, the chairman of NATO’s Military Committee, recently said that Turkey’s purchase of the S-400 may bar it from any integrated air-defense system with NATO allies.

The S-400 is a very capable missile-defense system, somewhat comparable to the US’s MIM-104 Patriot, according to CSIS.

Here’s what it can do.


The S-400 Triumf, which NATO calls the SA-21 Growler, is a fourth-generation long-range missile-defense system that Russia began developing in 1993.

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Russian Ministry of Defense

It’s also the successor to the S-200 and S-300 air-defense systems and became operational in 2007.

Source: CSIS


It’s capable of taking out aircraft, drones, cruise missiles, and ballistic missiles in the terminal phase.

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Russian Ministry of Defense

Source: CSIS


However, it does not have hit-to-kill ballistic-missile-defense technology, which means it can’t physically collide with incoming warheads.

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Russian Ministry of Defense

Source: CSIS


The S-400 has a range of about 150 miles to 249 miles.

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Russian Ministry of Defense

Source: CSIS


On the low end of that range are the 48N6 missiles, which have 315-pound fragmentation warheads and can also hit ballistic missiles across a 37-mile radius.

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Russian Ministry of Defense

Source: CSIS


On the high end of that range are the 40N6 missiles, but their deployment and true capabilities are unknown.

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Russian Ministry of Defense

Russia is also testing the 77N6, designed specifically to take out ballistic missiles with hit-to-kill technology.

Source: CSIS


Below is the S-400’s radar, which can detect targets up to about 373 miles away.

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Russian Ministry of Defense

Source: The National Interest


S-400s are currently deployed in Kaliningrad, Syria, and Crimea. Below is an S-400 system at the Russian-operated Hmeimim Air Base in Syria.

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Russian Ministry of Defense

Source: CSIS


The CSIS map below shows where Russia’s and NATO’s air-defense systems are deployed.

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The orange circles indicate Russian anti-air missiles systems, including the S-300 and S-400. Countries in green and corresponding circles belong to NATO.
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CSIS

You can see the full interactive map here.

Source: CSIS


The video below shows the S-400 in action:

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Screenshot/YouTube via AD KN