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The ladder shape composed of red horizontal and vertical lines (centre left) dates to older than 64,000 years and was made by Neanderthals.

Scientists have pinpointed when the first cave paintings were made — and it means Neanderthals were more advanced than they thought

Long before "modern" humans reached Europe, our Neanderthal cousins were creating cultural objects and painting animals in caves in Spain.

Scientists have discovered the world’s largest underwater cave — and it’s home to a treasure trove of ancient artifacts

The Sac Aktun cave system was recently found to be over 200 miles long. It holds artifacts stretching back 15,000 years, including remains from the Ice Age.
A woman raises her arms to receive energy from the sun at the Mayan pyramid El Castillo (The Castle), in Chichen Itza, in the southern state of Yucatan, Mexico March 21, 2009. Hundreds of Mexicans and tourists gather at Chichen Itza to welcome Spring at the Mayan pyramid El Castillo (The Castle)

Archaeologists found thousands of hidden structures in the Guatemalan jungle — and it could re-write human history

Using state of the art laser technology, archaeologists found 60,000 Mayan structures buried under the remote Guatemalan jungle.
Map of sites and postulated migratory pathways associated with modern humans dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene.

Early human ancestors started migrating around the world far earlier than scientists thought

Humans first started migrating from Africa to Asia 120,000 years ago, recent discoveries have found. These early migrants interbred with other hominin species.
Worshippers surround the Edicule at an Easter mass procession at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.

Scientists have found that the tomb of Jesus Christ is far older than people thought

The tomb in Jerusalem's Church of the Holy Sepulchre has just been dated to AD 345.

Inequality has been growing for thousands of years — and it could hint at future societal collapse

The research describes a growing trend that could have dire consequences for future societies, provided they fail to become more equal.
A photo illustration of the pyramids of Giza in Egypt.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is hiding a huge, unexplored space — and scientists used cosmic rays to find it

Physicists used cosmic rays to penetrate the pharaoh Khufu pyramid's thick rock and discover a void that's about the length of two semitrailers.

Two metal detecting hobbyists in rural England discovered this Roman ‘licking dog’ statue

The brothers-in-law also found a trove of other historical artefacts, which archaeologists believe were deliberately stashed away by a metal worker.