Here’s what Trump’s new tax plan means if you’re making $25,000, $75,000, or $175,000 a year

  • The GOP’s tax plan is being billed as a boon for hard-working middle-class Americans.
  • Exactly how much you save would depend on many factors, including whether you itemize deductions.
  • In the chart below, we’ve calculated potential tax savings for a single, childless taxpayer who claims the standard deduction.

The GOP’s tax plan is being billed by the White House and Republicans as a boon for the middle class.

The House on Thursday passed its 429-page tax bill, called the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Under the plan, tax brackets would be reduced from seven to four, and the standard deduction would be increased.

Senate Republicans debuted their tax plan last week.

Exactly how much taxpayers will save if Republicans succeed in overhauling the US tax code will depend on many factors, but tax cuts for average Americans aren’t likely to be as sweeping as Republicans make it sound.

Wealthy Americans, including President Donald Trump, stand to benefit handsomely from the tax plan, thanks to proposals to eliminate the estate tax and the alternative minimum tax, among others.

As it stands, take-home pay could increase – albeit slightly – for most Americans under the tax plan.

We were curious how it might change, so we ran some numbers using the current proposal.

The estimates in the chart show how much single, childless taxpayers at different income levels who claim the standard deduction might save if the bill becomes law:

We also calculated how the tax plan could affect a family of four with two kids under 17.

There are a couple of important points to help clarify how the plan could affect the average American taxpayer, not just high-earning Wall Street pros.

Most Americans do not itemize tax deductions

According to the most recent IRS analysis of individual tax returns, 70.4% of taxpayers claimed the standard deduction on their tax return.

Americans who do claim the standard deduction would be able to further reduce their taxable income under the GOP’s tax plan, in turn reducing their tax bill.

Single filers would deduct $12,200, slightly higher than the current combined $10,400 deduction, which includes the standard deduction and one personal exemption.

Joint filers would deduct $24,400, up from the current $20,800, which includes the standard deduction and two personal exemptions.

But the GOP’s tax plan does away with many deductions, which could increase federal taxes for Americans who itemize their deductions. Among those who do, the average claimed for 2014 was $27,447.

The US does not have a flat tax – federal income taxes are calculated on a progressive basis

If your income falls into the 25% bracket, you don’t give the federal government 25% of your income. That would be a flat tax, the type of plan favored by Sen. Ted Cruz, but it isn’t how our current progressive system operates.

Here’s how the most basic calculation works – something you probably learned in a high-school government class and then quickly forgot – for a single taxpayer who will not itemize their deductions in 2017:

  1. Figure out your taxable income: annual salary – deductions – any exemptions.
  2. Everyone pays 10% federal income tax on their first $9,325 of taxable income.
  3. Everyone pays 15% federal income tax on their next $9,326 to $37,950 of taxable income.
  4. Everyone pays 25% federal income tax on their next $37,951 to $91,900 of taxable income.
  5. And so on through the rest of the tax brackets up to your total amount of taxable income.

So your tax bracket applies only to the amount you earn above the minimum income threshold for that bracket. For income below that limit, you pay the same federal income tax percentage as everyone else, even if they earn less overall.

Trump and his tax team – which includes House Speaker Paul Ryan, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, National Economic Council Director Gary Cohn, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, Senate Finance Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, and House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Kevin Brady – have said they want to make “the tax code simple, fair, and easy to understand.”